Causative Role of Ureaplasma Urealyticum and other Sexually Transmitted Infections in the Urethral Meatus Polyp Development in Women

Yuliya S. Kondratyeva, PhD¹*; Alexander I. Neymark, PhD, ScD¹; Svetlana V. Aidagulova, PhD, ScD²; Tatyana S. Taranina¹; Andrey A. Yakovlev¹

¹Altai State Medical University, Barnaul

²Novosibirsk State Medical University, Novosibirsk, Russian Federation

*Corresponding author: Assoc. Prof. Yuliya S. Kondratyeva, PhD; Department of Skin and Venereal Diseases, Altai State Medical University; 62B, Molodezhnaya st., apt. #48, Barnaul, Altai Krai, Russian Federation. Tel: 7-903-9963341. E-mail:

Published: September 24, 2013


The objective of this study was the investigation of the influence of ureaplasmal infection  on the development of urethral meatus polyps in women. The article presents the results of the examination of women with chronic cystitis and urethritis over a 0.5- to 5-year duration, complicated by the presence of urethral meatus polyps and associated with concomitant Ureaplasma urealyticum and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). This was based on the culture analysis of the cervical and urethral content, and PCR-diagnostics of STI, as well as a complex pathomorphologic study of the resected polyps, including electron microscopy. In this study, 98 women between 45 and 60 years (52.5±4.9 years) were examined, who had undergone radiowave resection of the polyps: 52 women were infected by STI, including Ureaplasma urealyticum, Mycoplasma genitalium, Mycoplasma hominis, Chlamydia trachomatis and Trichomonas vaginalis, while the remaining 46 women had been diagnosed as not having STI. According to the culture results in the women with STI, U. urealyticum  was identified as a monoinfection in 69% of cases, while in the remaining 31% of cases it was evident in the form of mixed infections, mainly in association with Mycoplasma hominis (17.5%) and Trichomonas vaginalis (13.5%). Pathomorphological examination of the urethral meatus polyps of the women with U. urealyticum and other STI demonstrated the proliferative character of the remodeling of the surface epithelium with hyperplasia, acanthosis, and keratinization of the stratified squamous epithelium and synchronous changes in the underlying connective tissue - impaired microcirculation and the diffuse inflammatory cell infiltrates with transepithelial leukopedesis. Using electron microscopy in the fibroblasts and plasma cells of the resected polyps the markers of U. urealyticum  were detected in patients with negative results of the bacteriological diagnostic methods.

female urethral meatus polyp; Ureaplasma urealyticum; sexually transmitted infections; pathomorphology.
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Int J Biomed. 2013; 3(3):170-173. © 2013 International Medical Research and Development Corporation. All rights reserved.