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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 3 min 15 sec ago

How effective is tecovirimat as a treatment against monkeypox?

Tue, 08/09/2022 - 06:26
A new study evaluated the use of tecovirimat for monkeypox treatment during the current outbreak.

How does the interval between the 1st and 2nd BNT162b2 doses impact the neutralization breadth and potency against variants of concern?

Tue, 08/09/2022 - 06:12
Scientists explored the influence of SARS-CoV-2 extended gap vaccination on the variants of concern neutralization.

Evaluating vaccine effectiveness against Omicron BA.5 and BA.2 in Portugal

Tue, 08/09/2022 - 05:48
Researchers estimated the vaccine effectiveness (VE) of the primary and booster doses of COVID-19 vaccines against reinfection by Omicron BA.5 and BA.2 lineages and severe post-infection outcomes.

How did perceived social support across COVID-19 restrictions alter alcohol and cannabis use in emerging adults?

Tue, 08/09/2022 - 05:42
Researchers demonstrated changes in alcohol and cannabis use among young adults in Canada and the United States during pre-COVID-19 times, COVID-19-induced lockdown, and when social restrictions eased later.

Study suggests BA.5 evolved to induce enhanced inflammation when compared to prior Omicron subvariants

Tue, 08/09/2022 - 05:25
Researchers evaluated the comparative pathogenicity of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron sub-variants BA.1, BA.2, and BA.5, in vitro and in vivo.

Alzheimer’s disease is associated with characteristic gut metabolomic signatures

Tue, 08/09/2022 - 03:07
Scientists review current literature associated with the role of the gut-brain axis in AD pathogenesis.

Experts use tools from artificial intelligence to rapidly identify substances that cause overdose deaths

Tue, 08/09/2022 - 01:04
An automated process based on computer algorithms that can read text from medical examiners' death certificates can substantially speed up data collection of overdose deaths – which in turn can ensure a more rapid public health response time than the system currently used, new UCLA research finds.

Aldosterone may increase risk of kidney failure in patients with chronic kidney disease

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 22:27
A steroid hormone called aldosterone is linked to an increased risk of kidney failure in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), according to a study published in the European Heart Journal today (Tuesday).

OU researchers receive nearly $1 million NSF grants for pandemic prediction and prevention projects

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 22:19
Two groups of researchers at the University of Oklahoma have each received nearly $1 million grants from the National Science Foundation as part of its Predictive Intelligence for Pandemic Prevention initiative, which focuses on fundamental research and capabilities needed to tackle grand challenges in infectious disease pandemics through prediction and prevention.

Researchers develop a long-acting injectable formulation of the anti-TB drug rifabutin

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 22:15
In 2020, more than 1.5 million people around the world died of tuberculosis, marking the first time in more than a decade that annual TB deaths had increased and demonstrating the global need for better access to treatments.

Exercise program improves physical functioning among older adults with chronic kidney disease

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 22:12
This randomized trial recently published in the American Journal of Kidney Diseases (AJKD) found that a 12- month program of in-center aerobic and resistance exercise program improved physical functioning among adults 55 years and older with CKD stages G3b-4 and a high level of medical comorbidities.

Overnight EEG studies may help inform care for girls with Rett syndrome

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 21:53
In Rett syndrome, a genetic condition affecting girls almost exclusively, mutations in the MECP2 gene cause a regression of language and motor skills starting at 12 to 18 months of age.

Combination therapy regimen for cystic fibrosis is also beneficial to primary school-aged children

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 21:48
Cystic fibrosis remains an incurable genetic disorder which impairs lung function and significantly reduces life expectancy.

Disruption of the circadian clocks plays a key role in weight gain

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 21:45
Disruption of the circadian clocks that keep the body and its cells entrained to the 24-hour day-night cycle plays a critical role in weight gain, according to a pair of studies by Weill Cornell Medicine investigators.

Should pregnant women be included clinical trials?

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 21:31
The current study reports some of the scientific, ethical, and legal considerations that will support the inclusion of pregnant women in future research.

Higher doses of CAR-T therapy achieve better survival rates for young patients with hard-to-treat B-ALL

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 21:09
Young people who received doses of tisagenlecleucel, a chimeric antigen receptor T cell (CAR-T) therapy, at the higher end of the FDA-approved dosing range had significantly better survival rates at one year compared with those who received lower doses within this range, according to research published today in Blood Advances.

Inflation problem in the U.S. impacts Black families more than many other Americans

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 20:45
A new NPR/Robert Wood Johnson Foundation/Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health poll shows that at a time when households across the U.S. widely report experiencing serious problems from inflation, Black Americans are substantially more likely than whites to report they are currently having serious financial problems in this period (55% to 38%).

Yale researchers discover molecular mechanism behind growth of the nervous system

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 20:38
Our nervous system is composed of billions of neurons that speak to each other through their axons and dendrites.

Study explores the relationship between empathy and cyberbullying among early U.S. adolescents

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 20:28
Bullying has been made easier and sometimes more serious by social media, gaming platforms, and other online communications technologies, affecting so many of our schools, families and communities.

COVID-19 vaccination increases antibodies in breast milk significantly

Mon, 08/08/2022 - 20:28
Anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in breast milk capable of neutralizing both an early pandemic SARS-CoV-2 isolate and Omicron variant.

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