Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 32 min 20 sec ago
Withdrawal of financial incentives for NHS GPs in Scotland linked to reductions in quality of care
Ending performance-related payments for NHS GPs in Scotland was associated with a decline in the quality of some aspects of care compared with England where financial incentives have continued, finds a study published by The BMJ today.
Study finds lack of high certainty evidence on the efficacy and safety of analgesics for low back pain
Despite nearly 60 years of research, there is still a lack of high certainty evidence on the effectiveness and safety of commonly used painkillers (analgesics) for short bouts of low back pain, finds an analysis of the evidence published by The BMJ.
Increased intake of magnesium-rich foods could help reduce dementia risk
More magnesium in our daily diet leads to better brain health as we age, according to scientists from the Neuroimaging and Brain Lab at The Australian National University (ANU).
The effects of COVID-19 on stress, depression, and anxiety in pregnant and postpartum women
A recent study published in the journal Midwifery evaluated depression, stress, and anxiety in pregnant and postpartum individuals during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.
Brown adipose tissue may help improve survival in people with cancer
Brown fat is not linked to cancer-associated loss of body weight and muscle mass, a common condition known as cachexia, according to a new joint study from The Rockefeller University and Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center in New York City.
Reinfections with Omicron VOCs occur more frequently and over shorter intervals
In a recent study published in Nature's Communications Biology journal, researchers in the United States of America (USA) employed next-generation sequencing (NGS) data to assess the rise in reinfections with the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron variant.
Candidate hepatitis C mRNA vaccine induces protective immunity in animal model
In a recent study published in the npj vaccines journal, researchers assessed the immune protection elicited by messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) vaccines delivering Hepatitis C virus (HCV) E1 and modified E2.
E-cigarette flavors are associated with lower odds of quitting
In a recent study published in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence Reports, researchers from the University of Michigan examined the role of flavored electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) in smoking cessation.
What role does marital status play in dementia risk?
In a recent study published in the Journal of Aging and Health, researchers in Norway and the USA examined the association between trajectories of marital status in midlife and the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment and dementia. The study focused on patients aged 70 and above through a large population-based study in Norway.
Menin protein protects against aging and cognitive decline
In a recent study published in the journal PLoS Biology, researchers from the University of Xiamen, China, explored the role of the hypothalamic menin in driving aging and associated cognitive decay.
Golden spice commonly found in curry could enhance ovarian cancer treatments
A pharmacology researcher at New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine (NYITCOM) has co-authored a new study that makes a strong case for why a golden spice commonly found in curry could enhance ovarian cancer treatments.
Monovalent vs. bivalent vaccines – Which is more effective against SARS-CoV-2?
In a recent study posted to the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers in France compared the efficacy of Pfizer-BioNTech Original/BA.4-5 bivalent vaccine compared to messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) Original (ancestral) monovalent vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).
Physical exercise can improve movement-related symptoms and quality of life in Parkinson's
In a recent review published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, researchers in Germany performed a network meta-analysis (NMA) to evaluate the effectiveness of physical exercise in managing Parkinson's disease (PD) patients.
Pet dogs across the USA are becoming increasingly resistant to benzimidazole treatment
In a recent study published in the journal PLOS Pathogens, researchers in the United States of America (USA) and Canada found molecular evidence that the parasitic hookworms (Ancylostoma caninum) in pet dogs across the USA are becoming increasingly resistant to benzimidazole, a broad-spectrum anthelmintic drug used for infection control.
Zoonotic agent Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae caused mass mortality of harbor porpoises
In a recent article published in the Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, researchers in the Netherlands described a mortality event that killed hundreds of harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena), a small cetacean, along the Netherlands coastline, in August 2021.
Fiber intake associated with lower risk of cognitive decline in old people with ApoE ε4 genotype
Fiber intake is associated with a lower risk of developing cognitive decline in those old people with the Apolipoprotein E ApoE ε4 genotype, regarded as a genetic risk factor linked to the development of Alzheimer's disease.
Risk factors for depression in Alzheimer's patients appear to differ from adults without dementia
Depression in Alzheimer's has different risk factors than depression in older adults without the disease, finds a major new study in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.
Higher plasma caffeine concentrations might reduce body fat and type 2 diabetes risk
In a recent study published in the journal BMJ Medicine, researchers in the United Kingdom and Sweden investigated the probable causality of long-term serum caffeine concentrations on type 2 diabetes (T2D), adiposity, and major cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).
Dampened mucosal response against SARS-CoV-2 in pregnant individuals
In a recent study posted to the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers examined associations between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes and mucosal antibody responses against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and viral RNA levels in pregnant individuals.
SARS-CoV-2 infection damages CD8+ T cell response
In a recent study published in the journal Immunity, a team of researchers from the United States found that previous severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections reduce the activation and expansion of CD8+ T cells in response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccinations.