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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 52 min 15 sec ago

Menin protein protects against aging and cognitive decline

Thu, 03/23/2023 - 00:11
In a recent study published in the journal PLoS Biology, researchers from the University of Xiamen, China, explored the role of the hypothalamic menin in driving aging and associated cognitive decay.

Golden spice commonly found in curry could enhance ovarian cancer treatments

Thu, 03/23/2023 - 00:00
A pharmacology researcher at New York Institute of Technology College of Osteopathic Medicine (NYITCOM) has co-authored a new study that makes a strong case for why a golden spice commonly found in curry could enhance ovarian cancer treatments.

Monovalent vs. bivalent vaccines – Which is more effective against SARS-CoV-2?

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 23:58
In a recent study posted to the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers in France compared the efficacy of Pfizer-BioNTech Original/BA.4-5 bivalent vaccine compared to messenger ribonucleic acid (mRNA) Original (ancestral) monovalent vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2).

Physical exercise can improve movement-related symptoms and quality of life in Parkinson's

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 23:46
In a recent review published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, researchers in Germany performed a network meta-analysis (NMA) to evaluate the effectiveness of physical exercise in managing Parkinson's disease (PD) patients.

Pet dogs across the USA are becoming increasingly resistant to benzimidazole treatment

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 23:32
In a recent study published in the journal PLOS Pathogens, researchers in the United States of America (USA) and Canada found molecular evidence that the parasitic hookworms (Ancylostoma caninum) in pet dogs across the USA are becoming increasingly resistant to benzimidazole, a broad-spectrum anthelmintic drug used for infection control.

Zoonotic agent Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae caused mass mortality of harbor porpoises

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 23:19
In a recent article published in the Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal, researchers in the Netherlands described a mortality event that killed hundreds of harbor porpoises (Phocoena phocoena), a small cetacean, along the Netherlands coastline, in August 2021.

Fiber intake associated with lower risk of cognitive decline in old people with ApoE ε4 genotype

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 23:13
Fiber intake is associated with a lower risk of developing cognitive decline in those old people with the Apolipoprotein E ApoE ε4 genotype, regarded as a genetic risk factor linked to the development of Alzheimer's disease.

Risk factors for depression in Alzheimer's patients appear to differ from adults without dementia

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 23:06
Depression in Alzheimer's has different risk factors than depression in older adults without the disease, finds a major new study in the Journal of Alzheimer's Disease.

Higher plasma caffeine concentrations might reduce body fat and type 2 diabetes risk

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 23:02
In a recent study published in the journal BMJ Medicine, researchers in the United Kingdom and Sweden investigated the probable causality of long-term serum caffeine concentrations on type 2 diabetes (T2D), adiposity, and major cardiovascular diseases (CVDs).

Dampened mucosal response against SARS-CoV-2 in pregnant individuals

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 22:33
In a recent study posted to the medRxiv* preprint server, researchers examined associations between coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) outcomes and mucosal antibody responses against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) and viral RNA levels in pregnant individuals.

SARS-CoV-2 infection damages CD8+ T cell response

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 22:26
In a recent study published in the journal Immunity, a team of researchers from the United States found that previous severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infections reduce the activation and expansion of CD8+ T cells in response to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) vaccinations.

COVID-19 pandemic left high school students sleep-deprived and struggling with mental health

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 21:59
In a recent study published in the Preventing Chronic Disease journal, U.S.  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) researchers assessed the impact of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic on sleep duration and mental health of high school students.

Higher Paxlovid uptake in winter 2022 could have prevented nearly 5,000 deaths

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 21:40
In a recent study published in the JAMA Health Forum, researchers in the United States estimated the reduction in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) mortality rates after the Paxlovid rollout.

Link found between late eating and higher consumption of ultra-processed foods

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 21:21
In a recent study published in the journal Nutrients, researchers in Italy examined the associations between meal timing and food processing.

Complications, pathophysiology, and treatment of type 2 diabetes differ by sex

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 21:02
In a recent review published in the journal Diabetologia, researchers in Austria discussed the sex-based differences in the risk factors, diagnosis, and therapeutic approaches for type 2 diabetes and associated complications to improve awareness about and management options for all diabetes type 2 patients.

International trade of colistin in animal feed continues unabated

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 20:37
Researchers investigate Enterobacterales species resistance to colistin in Pakistan.

Emergence and persistency of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.2.3.7 in Taiwan

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 20:26
Researchers utilize whole-genome surveillance to monitor community transmission and evolution of SARS-CoV-2 in Taiwan.

SARS-CoV-2 infection enhances vaccine-induced immunological memory against spike protein

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 20:01
Researchers assess SARS-CoV-2 spike protein-specific immunological memory among unvaccinated and vaccinated convalescents.

What is the effect of maternal obesity on the brain development of offspring?

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 15:40
Recently, scientists reviewed the mechanisms associated with the maternal microbiome, breast milk composition, maternal and placental metabolites, altered maternal care, and inflammation, which influences the brain development of the offspring.

SARS-CoV-2 not likely to increase the incidence of type 1 diabetes in children

Wed, 03/22/2023 - 14:51
More children and adolescents than usual developed type 1 diabetes in Finland in the first 18 months of the coronavirus pandemic.