Effect of Air-Abrasion on Shear Bond Strength of Resin Composite to Dentin: A Study in Vitro

Timur V. Melkumyan, Shahnoza K. Musashaykhova, Fatima Yu. Daurova, Nuriddin Kh. Kamilov, Surayo Sh. Sheraliyeva, Angela D. Dadamova

International Journal of Biomedicine. 2021;11(4):451-455.
DOI: 10.21103/Article11(4)_OA10
Originally published December 10, 2021


The purpose of this study was to evaluate in vitro the efficacy of alumina, sodium bicarbonate and erythritol-based tooth air-abrasion on shear bond strength (SBS) of resin composite to dentin.
Methods and Results: In order to assess the strength of the adhesive bond of the resin composite to tooth dentin, 50 tooth samples were prepared in accordance with the Ultradent Shear Bond Test method. All samples were divided into 5 groups.      In Group 1 (n=10) and Group 2 (n=10), for air-abrasion of dentin surface 2 powders based on aluminum oxide with a particle size of 50μm and 27μm, respectively, were used (RONDOflex plus 360, KaVo, Biberach, Germany). In Group 3 (n=10) and Group 4 (n=10), other abrasive powders based on sodium bicarbonate (40μm) and erythritol (14μm), respectively, were used for a similar purpose (Air-Flow Classic comfort, Air-Flow Plus, EMS, Nyon, Switzerland). The control group (n=10)  consisted of the remaining tooth samples in which the dentin surface, after preparation with a carbide bur, was not subjected to an air-abrasion.The one-day adhesive strength of bonded interfaces was evaluated on an UltraTester device (Ultradent Products Inc., USA) after resin bonding without aging simulation. The speed of movement of the test clamp with the installed sample was set to 1 mm/min. The maximal value of bonding failure was fixed in pounds (lb). The dentin surface ultrastructure was studied on 10 additional tooth samples, which were prepared for SEM analysis.
It was found that the treatment of dentin surface with air-abrasive powders based on alumina (50 μm and 27 μm) and sodium bicarbonate (40 μm) did not improve the strength of the adhesive bond of resin composite to dentin. The strength of adhesion of the resin composite to dentin decreased significantly after air-abrasion of the tooth surface with erythritol-based powder.

air abrasion • dentin • shear bond strength
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Received September 10, 2021.
Accepted November 25, 2021.
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