Causal Effects between the Biological Pollution of the Environment and Sickness Rate of the Population with Infectious Pathology

Maria N. Omarova, PhD, ScD; Idelbay Shuratov, PhD,ScD; Lyazat Orakbay, PhD, ScD*; Aizhan Dzhumagalieva PhD; Almas Umbetpaev PhD

Scientific Centre of Hygiene and Epidemiology named after Hamza Zhumatov; Almaty, Kazakhstan

*Corresponding author: Lyazat Orakbay, PhD, ScD. Scientific Centre of Hygiene and Epidemiology named after Hamza Zhumatov. Almaty, Kazakhstan. E-mail:

Published: March 25, 2014.


The presence of the causal effects between the pollution of the environment of the urbanized territories and the population morbidity with enteric infections was confirmed from the evidence collected by calculating the positive meanings of the Odds Ratio (OR) and Relative Risk (RR) with trusted confidential borders, Identified Density Ratio (IDR) and associated risks, as well as the participating degree (X%) of bacterial pollution of the territories with respect to the sickness rate compared with the control territories.

urbanization; pollution; biological factors; environment; population morbidity; enteric infection; causal effects.
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Int J Biomed. 2014; 4(1):49-50. © 2014 International Medical Research and Development Corporation. All rights reserved.