The Epistemology of Wrinkles: From Geology and Anatomy to Physiology

Sharad P. Paul

School of Medicine, University of Queensland; Faculty of Surgery, University of Auckland; Auckland University of Technology; New Zealand

*Corresponding author: Dr. Sharad P. Paul. Senior Lecturer, School of Medicine, University of Queensland; Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Surgery, University of Auckland; Adjunct Professor, Auckland University of Technology.

Published: September 12, 2016.  DOI: 10.21103/Article6(3)_PV1


The author studies the geometry and physics of wrinkling – drawing from geology and animal biology. The general principles behind tension and compression wrinkles are the same in geology or dermatology. But what is the structure in the subcutaneous tissue that marks every overlying wrinkle? Given we now know wrinkles have both anatomical and pathological correlations considering wrinkles as pure anatomic lines is fallacious and the article offers a unique perspective of skin creases and also avenues for further research.

wrinkles; surgery; geology; anatomy; physiology; ageing; skin

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Int J Biomed. 2016;6(3):237-239. © 2016 International Medical Research and Development Corporation. All rights reserved.