The Republican Specialized Center of Cardiology; Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
*Corresponding author: Aziz S. Eshpulatov; the Republican Specialized Center of Cardiology, Tashkent, Uzbekistan. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
The aim of our study was to evaluate the distribution of the APOC3 SstI polymorphism and its impact on the character of dyslipidemia and features of coronary lesions in Uzbek patients with unstable angina.
Material and Methods: The study included 141 patients with unstable angina (UA) class IIB (Braunwald E. et al., 1989) having LDL-C>100mg/dL. The comparison group included 50 healthy, age-matched, randomly selected persons without clinical and instrumental signs of CHD according to the exercise test. Coronary angiography was performed using Allura CV-20 (Philips, Netherlands). Genotyping of the APOC3 SstI gene polymorphism was performed by PCR-RFLP method. The alleles lacking the restriction site were designated as S1, while those containing the SstI site were designated as S2.
Results: Performed analysis of APOC3 SstI polymorphism revealed a significant prevalence of S2 allele carriers among UA patients compared to healthy ethnic Uzbeks. Being a carrier of S2 allele was associated with hypertriglyceridemia (> 230 mg / dL) (OR= 2.30, 95% CI: 1.14-4.67; χ²=5.485; Р=0.02) and higher risk of having three- and multi-vessel lesions (OR=2.171, 95% CI: 1.0792-4.3680; Р=0.03).
Conclusion: Our results suggest that the definition of APOC3 SstI polymorphism may be a useful additional marker in the evaluation of heart-vascular risk and indications for coronary angiography.
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