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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 49 min 3 sec ago

Cryo-EM reveals TAF15 as potential treatment target for frontotemporal dementia

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 23:54
An international team of researchers including experts at the Indiana University School of Medicine has identified a protein found in the brains of people with frontotemporal dementia (FTD), discovering a new target for potential treatments for the disease.

Fused pancreatic cancer organoid system captures tumor heterogeneity and drug resistance

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 23:51
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC), that arises from pancreatic epithelial cells, is the most common form of pancreatic cancer, with a very high mortality rate.

Study identifies new target for fatty liver disease treatment

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 23:34
The global rise in obesity and diabetes is leading to an epidemic in fatty liver disease affecting 20-30 per cent of the world's population.

Repeated mRNA vaccines supercharge immune response against COVID-19, study finds

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 23:06
Study published in Nature Immunology reveals that repeated mRNA COVID-19 vaccinations enhance immune response, especially in previously infected individuals, leading to a diversified and increased number of immune cell clones and a stronger ability to combat various virus strains.

A class of diabetes medications may reduce the risk of colorectal cancer

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 23:02
A groundbreaking study by researchers at Case Western Reserve University suggests a class of medications used to treat type 2 diabetes may also reduce the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC).

Study shows decline in post-surgery opioid prescriptions, but urges continued efforts

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 22:46
Post-surgery pain relief has shifted away from opioid-containing medications over the past seven years, but the downward trend has slowed since 2020, a new study shows.

Groundbreaking 'Gnocchi' map reveals hidden secrets of the human genome

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 22:32
Study presents a genome-wide map, "Gnocchi," constructed from 76,156 human genomes, revealing that non-coding regions rich in regulatory elements are crucial in understanding human traits and diseases.

Is your body out of sync? Study finds organs age at varying rates

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 22:07
Research uncovers that human organs age at varying rates, with some showing accelerated aging compared to chronological age, significantly impacting overall health and disease risk. The study used advanced blood plasma proteomics to analyze organ-specific aging in nearly 5,700 adults, linking it to increased risks of heart failure and Alzheimer's disease.

Flaxseed lignans found to influence gut microbiome and breast cancer risk

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 22:06
A new study demonstrates that the human gut microbiome may be a factor in breast health. Lifestyle and diet have long been known to affect human health.

Rising colorectal cancer risk in young adults calls for earlier screening, study suggests

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 21:45
Study reveals an increase in adenomas and advanced adenomas in younger adults, alongside a rise in colorectal cancer incidence in males under 50, suggesting a need for earlier screening, particularly in men.

Anastrozole efficacy in breast cancer prevention for high-risk women linked to estrogen levels

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 21:30
Study examines the efficacy of anastrozole in preventing breast cancer in postmenopausal women at high risk, focusing on the role of baseline estradiol levels and their impact on treatment outcomes.

Study finds link between child care subsidy requirements and child abuse rates

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 20:08
Young children in low-income households could be at risk for abuse and neglect if their parents are unable to receive adequate child care subsidies, a new University of Michigan study found.

Liver trigger holds the key to boosting gene therapy success

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 19:36
Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have uncovered vital insights regarding a liver trigger that blocks an undesired immune response from gene therapy, surprisingly resulting in the activation of specific immune cells, despite the liver's typical role in suppressing immune responses.

Large language models enhance differential diagnosis, paving the way for AI-assisted medical decision-making

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 19:05
Study explores optimizing large language models (LLMs) for differential diagnosis (DDx), demonstrating their potential in assisting clinicians with accurate disease diagnosis using real-world medical cases.

Immunoregulatory nanomedicines for the prevention and treatment of respiratory diseases

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 18:56
Study explores immunoregulatory nanomedicines for respiratory infections, highlighting their potential in enhancing treatment outcomes and vaccine efficacy.

Study exposes societal stigma and misconceptions about acne

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 18:41
Study reveals societal stigma and negative stereotypes associated with acne, highlighting the need for greater awareness and understanding of this skin condition.

Maternal inflammation risk factors linked to dysregulation in children

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 15:20
Maternal inflammation risk factors may be associated with dysregulation in children, according to a study funded by the Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program at the National Institutes of Health.

Novel mechanism leads to motor neuron degeneration in spinal muscular atrophy

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 15:13
The lab of Yongchao C. Ma, PhD, at Stanley Manne Children's Research Institute at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago uncovered a novel mechanism that leads to motor neuron degeneration in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).

Breakthrough discovery paves the way for new methods to detect and treat leukemia

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 14:56
Researchers led by François Fuks - Laboratory of Cancer Epigenetics, ULB Faculty of Medicine, ULB Cancer Research Center and Jules Bordet Institute, H.U.B. - have made a major breakthrough in the understanding and treatment of leukemia.

Early treatment offers chance at medication-free remission for pediatric HIV patients

Thu, 12/07/2023 - 14:49
An unexpectedly high percentage of children, who were born with HIV and started treatment within 48 hours of life, exhibit biomarkers by 2 years of age that may make them eligible to test for medication-free remission, according to a multinational study published in Lancet HIV.