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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 48 min 31 sec ago

Vaxzevria vaccine boosts mucosal immunity in COVID-19 recovered

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 19:39
Study highlights the ability of the Vaxzevria vaccine in inducing robust mucosal antibody responses, especially in COVID-19-recovered individuals, showcasing a notable defense against various SARS-CoV-2 variants. However, it emphasizes the need for booster doses to enhance anti-SARS-CoV-2 mucosal immunity, especially in infection-naïve individuals, to broaden protection against emerging viral variants.

Advancement of potential gene therapy could offer new hope for children with Batten disease

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 12:58
A new study shows that delivery of gene therapy to correct the gene mutations that cause CLN2 disease, or Batten disease, directly into the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has potential therapeutic effects.

SARS-CoV-2 infects coronary vessels, inducing plaque inflammation

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 12:51
SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, can directly infect the arteries of the heart and cause the fatty plaque inside arteries to become highly inflamed, increasing the risk of heart attack and stroke, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health.

Study reveals a complex interplay of genetic and epigenetic changes in Alzheimer’s disease progression

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 12:47
Alzheimer's disease affects more than 6 million people in the United States, and there are very few FDA-approved treatments that can slow the progression of the disease.

Canadian adults with cannabis use disorder appear to have 60% higher risk of cardiovascular diseases

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 11:57
A new study has found that Canadian adults with cannabis use disorder appear to have an approximately 60% higher risk of experiencing their first heart attack, stroke, or other major cardiovascular event than those without cannabis use disorder.

New program helps toddlers develop self-control and healthy eating habits

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 10:54
Two of the best predictors of life-long health and well-being are early childhood self-control skills and healthy eating habits.

Natural antibiotic thiostrepton reveals new hope for inflammatory bowel disease treatment

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 10:40
Researchers explored the therapeutic impact of Thiostrepton on experimental colitis by examining its effects on colon inflammation and determining its targets through various biochemical approaches.

Mothers' psychosocial stress during pregnancy has negative associations with children's sleep

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 10:25
Study shows that mothers' psychosocial stress during pregnancy has negative associations with their children's sleep that persist across childhood.

Virtual reality vs. opioids: clinical trial of non-pharmacological pain management during burn wound care

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 09:31
Researchers assessed the feasibility and efficacy of virtual reality as a non-pharmaceutical intervention for managing procedural pain in adult burn patients during dressing changes compared to standard opioid-based approaches.

Fatty liver disease susceptibility: study identifies interaction between estrogen receptor and genetic variant in women

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 09:05
Researchers pursued evidence of whether the interaction between the patatin-like phospholipase domain-containing 3 p.I148M variant and the female sex at the genetic and molecular level explains why premenopausal women remain protected against fatty liver disease, while a rapidly progressive disease ensues in some peri- and postmenopausal women.

US health care workers are at greater risk of suicide than non–health care workers

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 08:46
The risks of death by suicide for six healthcare worker (HCW).

From playgrounds to peace of mind: early childhood activity's influence on middle childhood mental health

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 08:25
In a recent article, researchers assessed whether physical inactivity in early childhood affects mental health in middle-aged children.

How does taking a pause on the oral contraceptive pill impact mental health?

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 08:23
Users of combination oral contraceptive agents experience one time per month (pill break) was connected with mood changes.

Examining the cardiac pathology in fatal cases of yellow fever

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 07:03
The characteristics of yellow fever (YF)-related myocardial damage.

New multi-polygenic scores boost coronary heart disease prediction accuracy

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 06:37
Two multi-polygenic scores (muti-PGs) to predict coronary heart disease (CHD).

Can AI outperform radiologists in detecting lung issues? New study weighs in

Thu, 09/28/2023 - 00:48
New study in Radiology evaluates the diagnostic accuracy of four AI tools in detecting common acute findings on chest radiographs. While AI tools showed moderate to high sensitivity and strong negative predictive values, they had higher false-positive rates compared to traditional radiology reports.

Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease linked to higher risk of blood clots in healthy adults

Wed, 09/27/2023 - 23:51
Recent study in Scientific Reports finds a link between nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and a higher risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) among healthy Korean adults. The research suggests that NAFLD may contribute to a hypercoagulable state, increasing the risk of VTE.

Hotter days in New York linked to spike in substance abuse hospital visits

Wed, 09/27/2023 - 23:40
New study finds a positive correlation between rising temperatures and increased hospital visits for alcohol and substance-related disorders in New York State. The research suggests that climate change could exacerbate negative outcomes related to substance abuse.

Yeast in the gut linked to Crohn's disease inflammation, opening new doors for treatment

Wed, 09/27/2023 - 23:25
New study in Nature Medicine links yeast cells in the gastrointestinal tract to abnormal immune responses causing inflammation in Crohn's disease patients. The research suggests that these yeast-reactive T-cells could be a potential therapeutic target, offering new avenues for treatment.

Ramadan fasting reshapes gut microbiome

Wed, 09/27/2023 - 22:59
Scientists investigate the effects of Ramadan intermittent fasting on gut microbiota, revealing significant alterations at both the phylum and genus levels. The study suggests that dietary intake during fasting could play a key role in these microbiota changes.