A groundbreaking study by researchers at Case Western Reserve University suggests a class of medications used to treat type 2 diabetes may also reduce the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC).
Post-surgery pain relief has shifted away from opioid-containing medications over the past seven years, but the downward trend has slowed since 2020, a new study shows.
Study presents a genome-wide map, "Gnocchi," constructed from 76,156 human genomes, revealing that non-coding regions rich in regulatory elements are crucial in understanding human traits and diseases.
Research uncovers that human organs age at varying rates, with some showing accelerated aging compared to chronological age, significantly impacting overall health and disease risk. The study used advanced blood plasma proteomics to analyze organ-specific aging in nearly 5,700 adults, linking it to increased risks of heart failure and Alzheimer's disease.
A new study demonstrates that the human gut microbiome may be a factor in breast health. Lifestyle and diet have long been known to affect human health.
Study reveals an increase in adenomas and advanced adenomas in younger adults, alongside a rise in colorectal cancer incidence in males under 50, suggesting a need for earlier screening, particularly in men.
Study examines the efficacy of anastrozole in preventing breast cancer in postmenopausal women at high risk, focusing on the role of baseline estradiol levels and their impact on treatment outcomes.
Young children in low-income households could be at risk for abuse and neglect if their parents are unable to receive adequate child care subsidies, a new University of Michigan study found.
Indiana University School of Medicine researchers have uncovered vital insights regarding a liver trigger that blocks an undesired immune response from gene therapy, surprisingly resulting in the activation of specific immune cells, despite the liver's typical role in suppressing immune responses.
Large language models enhance differential diagnosis, paving the way for AI-assisted medical decision-making
Study explores optimizing large language models (LLMs) for differential diagnosis (DDx), demonstrating their potential in assisting clinicians with accurate disease diagnosis using real-world medical cases.
Study explores immunoregulatory nanomedicines for respiratory infections, highlighting their potential in enhancing treatment outcomes and vaccine efficacy.
Study reveals societal stigma and negative stereotypes associated with acne, highlighting the need for greater awareness and understanding of this skin condition.
Maternal inflammation risk factors may be associated with dysregulation in children, according to a study funded by the Environmental influences on Child Health Outcomes (ECHO) Program at the National Institutes of Health.
The lab of Yongchao C. Ma, PhD, at Stanley Manne Children's Research Institute at Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital of Chicago uncovered a novel mechanism that leads to motor neuron degeneration in spinal muscular atrophy (SMA).
Researchers led by François Fuks - Laboratory of Cancer Epigenetics, ULB Faculty of Medicine, ULB Cancer Research Center and Jules Bordet Institute, H.U.B. - have made a major breakthrough in the understanding and treatment of leukemia.
An unexpectedly high percentage of children, who were born with HIV and started treatment within 48 hours of life, exhibit biomarkers by 2 years of age that may make them eligible to test for medication-free remission, according to a multinational study published in Lancet HIV.
Research reveals that around 20 per cent of all cases of the most severe form of breast cancer may arise from the small group of normal tissue cells carrying an epimutation of a specific gene.
IDEA trial: Skipping radiotherapy safe for younger postmenopausal patients with early-stage breast cancer
Almost all postmenopausal patients aged 50-69 years with stage I hormone receptor (HR)-positive breast cancer and low scores on a common genetic test who opted out of adjuvant radiotherapy were disease free five years after surgery, according to results from the IDEA clinical trial presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held December 5-9, 2023.
Among patients with metastatic breast cancer, those who took part in a nine-month structured exercise program reported less fatigue and an improved quality of life compared to those who did not undergo the exercise program, according to results from the PREFERABLE-EFFECT trial presented at the San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium, held December 5-9, 2023.
Sleep is critical for daytime and neurocognitive functioning, as well as physical and mental health. When people work shifts – in 2015, 21% of workers in the European Union did – their circadian sleep-wake rhythms are commonly disrupted.