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Updated: 9 min 1 sec ago

Higher intake of ultra-processed foods linked to increased risk of stroke and cognitive decline

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 23:54
People who eat more ultra-processed foods like soft drinks, chips and cookies may have a higher risk of having memory and thinking problems and having a stroke than those who eat fewer processed foods, according to a new study published in the May 22, 2024, online issue of Neurology, the medical journal of the American Academy of Neurology.

Location, race and insurance status play key role in early-stage versus late-stage cancer diagnosis

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 23:48
Location, race and insurance status play a significant part in the odds of a patient being diagnosed with early-stage or late-stage cancer, according to a detailed medical records analysis of more than 94,000 patients with cancer by researchers at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and the Johns Hopkins Kimmel Cancer Center.

Does prenatal DHA supplementation increase infant fat mass?

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 22:54
Prenatal DHA supplementation increases infant total and central fat mass at 24 months, independent of gestational weight gain and offspring sex. Further research is needed to determine long-term effects.

Can AI detect AI-generated text better than humans?

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 22:32
A study in China shows that accurately detects 100% of AI-generated rehabilitation articles, while professorial reviewers identify 96% of AI-rephrased articles, outperforming student reviewers who identify 76%.

New study maps out long COVID patterns in England, showing who is most at risk

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 22:12
A study of 19 million adults in England reveals demographic and clinical patterns of long COVID, highlighting higher rates among women, middle-aged adults, and those with comorbidities, with vaccination linked to lower incidence.

New study advocates for de-escalating breast cancer surgery in women aged 55 and older

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 21:39
Surgery involving sentinel lymph node biopsy for middle-aged women with estrogen receptor-positive (ER+) breast cancer may do more harm than good, according to a new study led by University of Pittsburgh and UPMC Hillman Cancer Center researchers.

Study reveals ferroptosis as a major driver of severe COVID-19 lung damage

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 21:34
Ferroptosis, an iron-dependent cell death mechanism, is identified as a key factor in severe COVID-19 lung disease, suggesting potential new therapeutic targets.

Cognitive decline predicts driving cessation in seniors

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 21:33
One of the thorniest decisions facing older adults is when to give up their keys and stop driving. A new study by researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis could provide guidance in helping seniors plan ahead.

Dupilumab shows promise in cutting COPD flare-ups and boosting lung function

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 21:17
Dupilumab significantly reduces exacerbations and improves lung function in COPD patients with elevated eosinophil counts, confirming the efficacy of targeting type 2 inflammation.

Sharp uptick in youth using wegovy and ozempic, study reports

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 21:05
Public interest in weight loss drugs like Wegovy and Ozempic is surging, but national data on dispensing patterns in the United States are surprisingly scarce.

Labor epidurals linked to lower risk of severe maternal morbidity

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 21:01
Having an epidural during labor is associated with a marked reduction in serious complications in the first few weeks after giving birth, finds a study published by The BMJ today.

Ancient viral sequences in the human genome may contribute to psychiatric disorder susceptibility

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 15:53
New research led by King's College London has found that thousands of DNA sequences originating from ancient viral infections are expressed in the brain, with some contributing to susceptibility for psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and depression.

UCSF to lead first long-term study of cancer among Asian Americans

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 15:47
UC San Francisco researchers have received $12.45 million from the National Cancer Institute (NCI) to lead the first long-term study of cancer among Asian Americans, a highly diverse yet understudied group.

100-year-old BCG vaccine protects individuals with type 1 diabetes from infectious diseases

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 15:44
In new research, investigators at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) show that the 100-year-old Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine, originally developed to prevent tuberculosis, protects individuals with type 1 diabetes from severe COVID-19 disease and other infectious diseases.

Study shows dramatic increase in daily cannabis use in the United States

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 15:38
Many countries around the world are considering revising cannabis policies. A new study by a researcher at Carnegie Mellon University assessed cannabis use in the United States between 1979 and 2022, finding that a growing share of cannabis consumers report daily or near-daily use and that their numbers now exceed those of daily and near-daily alcohol drinkers. T

Study reveals biological repercussions of UV-C radiation exposure from germicidal lamps

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 15:33
A new research paper was published in Aging (listed by MEDLINE/PubMed as "Aging (Albany NY)" and "Aging-US" by Web of Science) Volume 16, Issue 9, entitled, "Germicidal lamps using UV-C radiation may pose health safety issues: a biomolecular analysis of their effects on apoptosis and senescence."

Study reveals endurance exercise's impact on the biological molecules of animals and humans

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 15:18
As part of an ongoing national research effort to better understand how physical activity improves health and prevents disease, seven University of Colorado Department of Medicine faculty members contributed to an article recently published in Nature, an international journal of science.

Study suggests miR-377 as potential therapeutic target for prostate cancer

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 15:10
A new research paper was published in Genes & Cancer on May 16, 2024, entitled, "Inhibitory effect of miR-377 on the proliferative and invasive behaviors of prostate cancer cells through the modulation of MYC mRNA via its interaction with BCL-2/Bax, PTEN, and CDK4."

Improved animal model captures full picture of periodontal disease progression

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 15:05
Periodontal disease, represented by periodontitis, is the leading cause of tooth loss and affects close to one in five adults worldwide.

Single-cell analysis reveals insights into immune responses during xenotransplantation

Wed, 05/22/2024 - 14:59
Surgical teams at NYU Langone Health performed the world's first genetically modified pig kidney transplants into a human body in September and November 2021, and then transplanted two pig hearts in the summer of 2022.