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Latest Medical Research News and Research
Updated: 31 min 21 sec ago

Increased distribution of fungal infections throughout the U.S.

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 21:22
Researchers update the geographic distribution of these species throughout the U.S.

KEMEPHY diet may be an effective dietary pattern for athletes

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 20:57
Scientists have characterized the effects of the ketogenic Mediterranean diet with phytoextracts on gut microbiota composition in athletes. The study by researchers in Italy and Spain is published in the journal Frontiers in Nutrition.

Researchers find an abundance of microplastics in placentas and meconium samples

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 20:35
The embryonic and fetal periods of life are vulnerable to impact by harmful chemicals in the environment. These include microplastics (MPs), which have been found in many living organisms and tissues, stemming from the environmental degradation of waste plastics. Using placental tissue and meconium samples, a new study examines the links between exposure to MPs in pregnancy and microbiomes.

Kiwira virus: a new bat-borne hantavirus detected in Africa

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 19:45
Researchers discover a novel hantavirus called the Kiwira virus.

Local alcohol availability linked to cases of child abuse and neglect

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 19:39
The number of stores selling alcohol in a neighborhood is linked to cases of child abuse and neglect in the same area, a new study suggests.

Research links long-term exposure to traffic noise and type 2 diabetes

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 19:31
Road traffic noise is associated with a higher risk of T2D

Additional mRNA COVID vaccine doses could salvage antibody responses in blood cancer patients

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 19:15
A third COVID-19 vaccine dose in this patients with blood cancers could enhance their antibody responses against SARS-CoV-2

Study challenges "good" cholesterol's predictive role for heart disease

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 18:46
A National Institutes of Health-supported study found that high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, often called the "good cholesterol," may not be as effective as scientists once believed in uniformly predicting cardiovascular disease risk among adults of different racial and ethnic backgrounds.

Cost-saving Medicare Advantage may be a disadvantage for complex cancer surgery patients

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 12:40
An analysis by researchers at City of Hope, one of the largest cancer research and treatment organizations in the United States, found that cancer patients with privatized, cost-saving Medicare Advantage were more likely than those with traditional Medicare to go to hospitals with physicians less experienced at performing complicated surgeries, and that they were more likely to die within the first 30 days after the removal of their stomach, pancreas or liver.

NIAID awards more than $12 million for the development of antiviral therapies

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 12:35
The National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, recently awarded more than $12 million to three institutions for the development of antiviral therapies to treat diseases caused by viruses with pandemic potential.

Johns Hopkins experts receive PCORI funding to optimize antibiotic therapy for gram-negative bloodstream infections

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 12:30
To study how best to treat potentially dangerous infections commonly seen in people with underlying chronic medical conditions, two infectious disease experts at Johns Hopkins Medicine have been awarded $10 million in research funding over five years by the Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute.

Comprehensive analysis outlines the potential toxicities of antibody drug conjugates

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 12:15
Over the past two decades, numerous complex cancer therapies called antibody drug conjugates (ADCs) have been tested in clinical trials and approved for use in patients.

Researchers identify best methods to study resting state of the brain in marmosets

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 12:00
A team led by researchers from Tokyo Metropolitan University have identified the best methods to study the resting state of the brain in marmosets using functional MRI.

Scientists identify a class of drugs that may prevent alcohol use disorder in people with PTSD

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 11:57
Survivors of abuse and trauma are vastly more likely than other people to develop alcohol use disorder (AUD); according to some estimates, as many as three-quarters of people with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) report drinking problems.

Adolescents who experience gender incongruence enter puberty earlier, study shows

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 11:36
A new study from Aarhus University shows that children who have expressed a desire at the age of 11 to be a different gender enter puberty earlier than their peers. However, more research is required, says the researchers behind the study.

New method for isolating Omicron subvariant and evaluating resistance to therapeutic and vaccine-elicited antibodies

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 11:02
Researchers demonstrated a viral amplification procedure to isolate the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron subvariants.

Almond consumption could keep extra kilos at bay, research says

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 11:01
Weight loss is never an easy nut to crack, but a handful of almonds could keep extra kilos at bay according to new research from the University of South Australia.

Evaluating cell-free DNA-based blood tests for early detection of multiple cancers

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 10:34
Researchers assessed several approaches for a circulating cell-free deoxyribonucleic acid (cfDNA)-based multi-cancer early detection (MCED) test. Defining the clinical limit of detection (LOD) based on circulating tumor allele fraction (cTAF) enables the comparison of different approaches.

WHO‒recommended alcohol-based hand rub formulations show efficacy against Monkeypox virus

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 09:42
Researchers demonstrated the efficacy of two World Health Organization (WHO)‒recommended alcohol-based hand rub solutions to inactivate the monkeypox virus (MPXV).

Study finds higher observed rates of myocarditis after receipt of mRNA vaccines than expected

Mon, 11/21/2022 - 09:30
A large study found that myocarditis after SARS-CoV-2 vaccination was rare but higher in younger males, especially after the second mRNA-1273 (Moderna) vaccine, suggesting that vaccine type, age and sex should be considered when vaccinating.