Cardiovascular Diseases and Adipokines: The Role of Visfatin in Coronary Atherosclerosis

Zh. Marinova-Zlatinova, M. Negreva, Tr. Chervenkov

For citation: Marinova-Zlatinova Zh, Negreva M, Chervenkov Tr. Cardiovascular Diseases and Adipokines: The Role of Visfatin in Coronary Atherosclerosis. International Journal of Biomedicine. 2024;14(1):9-14. doi:10.21103/Article14(1)_RA1
Originally published March 1, 2024


Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of cardiovascular disease-related mortality globally. Traditional risk indicators for CAD, such as age, gender, hypertension, and cholesterol levels, may not reliably predict the existence and severity of the disease in all individuals. Furthermore, these risk variables may not provide information regarding the long-term prognosis and survival of the patients with stable CAD. The limitations of present screening approaches suggest the need to develop novel prognostic biomarkers for the detection of coronary atherosclerosis (CA).
This review focuses on the significance of adipokines in the pathophysiology of CA. The article discusses the role of various cytokines, focusing on visfatin in developing and progressing coronary atheroma and its potential to improve risk stratification, increase diagnostic accuracy, and guide therapy decisions. Clinical evidence supporting visfatin’s role as a diagnostic marker for CAD is already available, with elevated levels observed in patients with significant CA. However, the paper acknowledges certain limitations, such as the need for more extensive longitudinal studies to validate its potential use in clinical practice to improve early diagnosis and prognosis, ultimately enhancing strategies for preventing cardiovascular disease.

visfatin • coronary artery disease • adipokines • biomarkers • screening
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Received November 14, 2023.
Accepted December 12, 2023.
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